A qualitative study on equal opportunity in education

Abstract views: 120 / PDF downloads: 37





This study was conducted to understand and interpret how teachers working in primary schools affiliated with the Ministry of National Education in the provinces of Antalya and Bursa during the 2022-2023 academic year evaluated equal opportunities in education based on their opinions. The research was a qualitative study, and it was designed as descriptive fenomenology. According to the findings of the research, it was highlighted that enhancing technological equipment (such as smart boards, tablets, etc.) for students' access to education, opening libraries in schools, and taking measures to reduce student absenteeism were necessary. The research findings also concluded that teachers' instructional strategies played a significant role in providing equal opportunities in education to students. Collaborative teaching strategy stood out as the least utilized method. The reasons behind disparities in student achievement include parental attitude, intelligence level, environment, and the education curriculum. Suggestions were made to continue activities like Remedial Education Course (DYK), Primary School Enrichment Program (İYEP), and Supportive Education to reduce achievement disparities. Additionally, it was found that instructional materials such as reference books were necessary to reduce achievement disparities.


Başaran, İ. E. (1989). İşletme yönetiminde sosyal sorumluluk [Social responsibility in business management]. Hacettepe University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 7(1), 129-138.

Bursalıoğlu, Z. (2014). Eğitim Yönetimi [Educational Management]. Ankara: Pegem Academy.

Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2014).Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri [Scientific research methods]. Pegem Academy.

Cohen, L., Mannion, L. and Morrıson, K. (2007). Research methods in education. UK: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2012). Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research. The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, 4, 1-19.

Ercan, F. (2017). Farklı öğrenme ihtiyaçlarina sahip öğrencilerin eğitiminde firsat eşitliği [Equal opportunity in education for students with different learning needs]. International. Journal of Language Academy, 5(2), 62-69.

Ertürk, S. (1975). Eğitim Psikolojisi [Educational Psychology]. Ankara: Yargı Publications.

Gibson, J. L., Ivancevich, J. M., & Donnelly, J. H. (1991). Organizations: behavior, structure, processes. 7th ed. Homewood, IL, Irwin.

Günbayı, İ. (2000). Örgütlerde İş Doyumu ve Güdüleme [Job Satisfaction and Motivation in Organizations], Özen Yayımcılık. Ankara.

Gunbayi I. (2018). Developing A Qualitative research manuscript based on systematic curriculum and instructional development. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 3, 3, 124-153.

Gunbayi, I. (2020a). Systematic curriculum and instructional development for a mixed methods research: SCID- MMR. Journal of Mixed Methods Studies, 1, 1-27.

Gunbayi, I. (2020b). Knowledge-constitutive interests and social paradigms in guiding mixed methods research (MMR). Journal of Mixed Methods Studies, 1, 44-56.

Gunbayi, I. & Sorm, S. (2020). Social paradigms in guiding management social development and social research.Ankara: Pegem Academy.

Gunbayi, I & Sorm, S. (2018). Social paradigms in guiding social research design: the functional, interpretive, radical humanist and radical structural paradigms. International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, 9, 2, 57-76.

Jackson, C. K. (2018). Boosting educational attainment and adult earnings among low-income, minority students: evidence from a randomized trial of a college-access program. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 10,3, 1-40.

Kelle, U. (1995). Computer aided qualitative data analysis. London: Sage Publications.

Lareau, A. (2015). Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.

Lucas, S. R. (2011). Nurturing young minds: how to help your child succeed. New York: Teachers College Press.

Landis, J. R. & Koch, G. G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33(1), 159-174.

Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd ed.). Sage Publications.

Neuendorf, K. A. (2002). The content analysis guidebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Özkan, M. (2017). Eğitimde eşitlik [Equality in Education]. Ankara: Pegem Academy.

Özsoy, A. (2016). Türkiye'de eğitimde firsat eşitliği sorunu [Problem of Equality of Opportunity in Education in Turkey]. International Journal of Social Science, 5(1), 133-147.

Öztürk, M. (2019). Eğitimde firsat eşitliği ve türkiye'deki durumu [Equality of Opportunity in Education and Its Situation in Turkey]. Journal of International Social Research, 12(63), 122-133.

Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (2nd Ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Polkinghorne, D. E. (1989). Phenomenological research methods. In R.S. Valle and S. Halling (Eds.), Existential- phenomenological perspectives in psychology: Exploring the breadth of human experience (pp. 41-60). New York: Plenum Press.

Sabancı, V. (2016). Eğitim ve kültür: İç içe geçmiş kavramlar [Education and culture: Intertwined concepts]. Eğitim ve Öğretim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 5(3), 1-4.

Sönmez, V. (2013). Eğitimde firsat eşitliği ve eşitlik kavrami [Equality of Opportunity and Concept of Equality in Education]. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 12(43), 259-276.

Tekkaya, C., & Akgündüz, D. (2018). Eğitimde firsat eşitliği sorununa bakış [Perspectives on Equality of Opportunity Issue in Education]. Kastamonu Education Journal, 26(1), 25-31.

Toprakçı, E. (2017). Eğitim kurumunun sosyal ve kültürel açıdan önemi [Importance of the Educational Institution in Social and Cultural Aspects]. National Education Journal, 219(231), 117-123.

Uysal, M. (2017). Eğitimde Fırsat Eşitliği [Equality of Opportunity in Education]. Istanbul: Derin Yayınları.




How to Cite

Kahyaoğlu, R. B., Şener, A., Kaçar, E., Canbay Orakçıoğlu, S., Ünlü, A., Yurtseven, A., & Şahan, D. (2023). A qualitative study on equal opportunity in education. Journal of Action Qualitative & Mixed Methods Research, 2(2), 61–73. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8328361