Comparison of school readiness level of 66 months and 72 months old students just started primary school: A phenomenology study


Abstract views: 93 / PDF downloads: 51

Authors

  • Dilek Ilgın Ozben Maya College, Antalya
  • Nazmiye Eski Ministry of National Education

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8320934

Keywords:

School readiness, primary school, teachers, students

Abstract

This research aimed to understand and interpret the readiness level  of students in different age categories (66 months and 72 months old) studying in the first year and the adjustment problems experienced in schools as the 4+4 arrangement, children 66 months and 72 months old had to study in the same class. Accordingly, the comparison of these students' preparation for school education is an important research problem. The sample of the research was composed of the guidance counselor of the school and 4 1st grade class teachers and 4 parents. As the data collection tool of the research; a semi-structured interview form was used. The research results aimed to understand and interpret cognitive, affective, psychomotor and social learning domains of the children, 66 months old and 72 months old, and whether there was a significant difference in the school-starting age of the children, 66 month olds and 72 months old. As a result of the research, it was found that students, 66 months old, were not enough to be ready for school in terms of their cognitive, affective, psycho-motor, social, and language development.

References

Başar, M. (2013). 60-66 Ay Aralığında İlkokula Başlayan Öğrencilerin Kişisel Öz Bakım Ve İlkokuma-Yazma Becerilerinin Öğretmen Görüşlerine Göre Değerlendirilmesi [The evaluatıon of the 60-66 months old prımary school students’ personal self-care and initial readıng and wrıtıng skılls accord]. Turkish Studies - International Periodical For The Languages, Literature, and History of Turkish or Turkic, 8 (8), 241-252.

Başar, M. (2013). Okuma yazma öğrenerek ilkokula başlayan çocukların karşılaştıklarısorunların değerlendirilmesi [Evaluating the Problems Encountered by the Students with Emergent Literacy]. Ekev Akademi Dergisi. 17 (56), 275-294.

Bay, Y. (2010). Ses temelli cümle yöntemiyle ilk okuma-yazma öğretiminin değerlendirilmesi [Reading and Writing Speeds and Comprehension Levels of First Grade Schoolers with Phoneme Based Sentence Method]. Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 11(1), 257-277.

Bayat, S. (2012). İlkokuma yazma programının Stake’ in uygunluk/olasılık modeline göre değerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of the initial reading and writing introduction according to congruence-contingency model of Stake]. Unpublished PhD thesis, Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bolu.

Bayat, S. ( 2015) İlkokuma Yazma Öğretiminde 60-66 Aylık Çocuklar İle İlgili Yaşanan Güçlüklere İlişkin Öğretmen Görüşleri [Teachers’ opinions regarding the difficulties encountered by 60-66 month-old children in basic reading and writing] . Uluslararası Türkçe Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, (4) 172-185.

Başaran, S., Gökmen, B. & Akdağ, B. (2014). Okul öncesi öğrencilerinin okula uyum sürecinde öğretmenlerin karşılaştığı sorunlar ve çözüm önerileri [The problems teachers faced during the preschool adjustment period and recommendations regarding solutions]. Uluslararası Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 2(2), 197-223.

Cohen, L., Mannion, L. and Morrıson, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education. UK: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Gunbayi I. (2018). Developing A Qualitative Research Manuscript Based On Systematic Curriculum And Instructional Development. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 3, 3, 124-153.

Erden, M. & Akman, Y. (2004). Eğitim Psikolojisi: Gelişim-Öğrenme-Öğretme [Educational Psychology: Development-Learning-Teaching]. Ankara: Arkadaş Yayınları.

Erden, M. (2011). Eğitim Bilimlerine Giriş[Introduction to Educational Sciences]. Ankara: Arkadaş Yayınları.

Gunbayi I. (2018). Developing A Qualitative Research Manuscript Based On Systematic Curriculum And Instructional Development. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 3, 3, 124-153.

Gunbayi, I. & Sorm, S. (2020). Social Paradigms in guiding management social development and social research. Ankara: Pegem Academy.

Gündüz, F. ve Çalışkan M. (2013). 60-66, 66-72, 72-84 aylık çocukların okul olgunluk ve okuma yazma becerilerini kazanma düzeylerinin incelenmesi [Investigating the level of 60-66, 66-72, 72-84 monthold children’s school readiness and acquisition of literacy skills]. International Periodical ForThe Languages, Literatureand History of Turkish orTurkic, 8 (8), 379-398.

Habermas, J. (1987). Knowledge and human interests: A general perspective in knowledge and human interests. Cambridge: Policy

Kelle, U. (1995). Computer aided qualitative data analysis. London: Sage Publications.

Landis, J. R. & Koch, G. G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33(1), 159-174.

Lincoln, Y. S. & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

MEB (2013). İlköğretim Kurumları Yönetmeliği. Ankara.

Palys, T. (2008). Purposive sampling. In L. M. Given (Ed.). The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods. (Vol.2). Sage: Los Angeles, pp. 697-8.

Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Sage Publications.

Polkinghorne, D. E. (1989). Phenomenological research methods. In R.S. Valle and S. Halling (Eds.), Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology: Exploring the breadth of human experience (pp. 41-60). New York: Plenum Press.

Resmî Gazete. (2012a). İlköğretim ve Eğitim Kanunu ile Bazı Kanunlarda Değişiklik Yapılmasına Dair Kanun. .Numbered: 28261. Retrieved from https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2012/04/20120411-8.htm on March 15th , 2023

Resmi Gazete. (2012b). Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı İlköğretim Kurumları Yönetmeliğinde Değişiklik Yapılmasına Dair Yönetmelik. Numbered: 28360. Retrieved from https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2012/07/20120721-9.htm on March 15th , 2023

Resmi Gazete. (2014). İlkokula Başlama Yaşı Kanun Maddesi. Numbered: 29072. Retrieved from https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2014/07/20140726-4.htm on March 15th , 2023

Sarı, H. (2008). Sınıf öğretmenlerinin ilkokuma yazma öğretiminde karşılaştıkları sorunlar [Problems that classteachers are confronted with reading and writing at basic primary schools]. Unpublished Master Thesis, Beykent Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.

Türk Tabipler Birliği (2012). Çocukların Gelişim Süreçleri ve Okula Başlama [Children's Development Processes and Starting School]. Ankara: Türk Tabipleri Birliği Yayınları. Retrieved from https://www.ttb.org.tr/kutuphane/okulabaslama.pdf on March 15th, 2023

Ülkü, B. Ü. (2007). Ana sınıfı ve ilköğretim 1. Sınıfa devam eden çocukların velileri ve öğret¬menlerinin çocukların okul olgunluğu hakkındaki görüşlerinin incelenmesi [View analysis of kindergartener and first year students? parents and teachers on school readiness of children]. Unpublishe Master Thesis. Adana, Çukurova Üniversitesi. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.

Yavuzer, H. (2012). Çocuk psikolojisi[Child psychology]. İstanbul: Remzi Kitabevi.

Downloads

Published

2023-09-08

How to Cite

Ozben, D. I., & Eski, N. (2023). Comparison of school readiness level of 66 months and 72 months old students just started primary school: A phenomenology study . Journal of Action Qualitative & Mixed Methods Research, 2(2), 47–60. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8320934